Walings are designed to transmit all loads from the soil through the retaining wall to the steel tie bars and to align and brace the wall in its position. In many applications, a steel waler or reinforced concrete beam is used to transfer retained loads evenly between tie rod connection points.
Reinforced concrete waling can be constructed on site. This can be found as a capping beam, incorporated into slab design or other structural elements connected to the retaining walls.
A steel waling system provides greater flexibility in positioning of the tie rod system enabling optimum design and on-site installation. J Steel can provide a complete steel waler system comprising fabricated waler beams designed to distribute the tie rod loads including joints, support brackets and waler bolts. The waler system can be designed to be installed to the front or rear of the retaining wall.
Waler beams are fabricated using either back to back channel sections or structural beam sections, depending on the tie rod loads. Spacer plates between the sections are sized and fabricated to allow the tie rod to pass through the waler with sufficient space for rotation of the tie rod where articulation is part of the design. Support brackets can be fabricated and provided to introduce the vertical loads into the sheet pile wall and simultaneously assist with mounting the waler onto the face of a wall.ll.
Waler joints can be used to connect sections of waler beam together. These can be designed as simple welded connections or bolted plate/channel connection to allow the transfer of forces from one segment of waler to the next.
Waler bolts are required for the transmission of the horizontal forces from the sheet pile wall into the waler beam. They can be provided with a hexagonal head or threaded both ends.